Bibliography Worksheets  Short Form: Microsoft Word PDF   Long Form: Microsoft Word PDF

Bibliography Information

A bibliography is a list of the research materials you used when writing your paper. You must create a bibliography to give credit to the authors of these research materials, and to prove that your paper is not plagiarized.

A citation gives specific details about each resource. You must write a citation for every source you used while conducting your research. The rules for writing a citation are different for each type of resource, so follow these guidelines very carefully!

Use the examples below to help you create your bibliography.

To print the following information, click here (PDF)

(single author)

The rule: 

Author’s Last name, First name. Title of Book . City of Publication: Publisher, © year.
The example:  Altman, Linda. California. New York: Benchmark Books, 1997.

The rule: Author’s (if known) Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Encyclopedia.

Encyclopedia Articles (Print)

  Edition (if listed). © year.
The example: Pettingill, Olin Sewall, Jr. “Falcon and Falconry.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2002.

Encyclopedia Articles (Online)

The rule: 

Title of Encyclopedia. Name of Editor (if known). Electronic Publication Information (if
  you find  version number, date of publication, or name of sponsoring institution). Day Month Year you visited site <URL of encyclopedia>.
The example: World Book Online. 2002. World Book. 31 Oct. 2002

The rule: Interviewee’s Last name, First name. Kind of Interview. Day Month, Year of Interview.


Example 1: Bush, George W. Telephone Interview. 15 Apr. 2003.
Example 2: Clinton, Bill. Personal Interview. 15 Apr. 2003.

Magazine Articles (Printed)

The rule: 

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine Day Month Year: Page
The example:  Johnson, Rich. “Stay Dry or Die!”  Outdoor Life Feb.-Mar. 2002: 84+.

The rule: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Newspaper Day Month Year,

Newspaper Articles

  edition (if listed): page number(s).
The example: Spiess, Ben. “It’s Mayor Begich by 18 Votes.” Anchorage Daily News 15 Apr. 2002, final .
  ed.: A1+

Online Databases (Electric Library, Searchasaurus, Ebsco)

The rule: 

Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Publication Name Volume Number (if
  any). Day, Month Year of Publication: Page Number(s). Title of Database. Title of Service. Library Name, City, State. Day Month Year of Access <URL of database>.
The example:  Martin, Howard. “Victory!” Boys’ Life Jan. 2002: 28+. Electric Library. Big Chalk. Clark
  Middle School Library, Anchorage, AK. 15 Apr. 2002 <>.

The rule: “Title of Episode.” Title of Program. Network/Station, Day Month, Year.


The example: “Latch Key Kids.” Hour Magazine. CBS, 15 Nov., 1983.

Web Sites

The rule: 

Author’s (if known) Last name , First name. Name of Site. Day Month year site was last

  revised. Name of institution (if any). Day Month Year you visited site.<web site address>.
The example:  USGS. 9 July 2002. United States Geological Survey. 31 Aug. (no author) 2002.

Additional Bibliography Links:

A Research Guide for Students

As of 10/18/07,