When Someone is Sick at Home
When to wear a mask or gloves
The person who is sick
· The person who is sick should wear a mask when they are around other people at home and out (including before they enter a doctor’s office).
· Masks should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is not able to remove the covering without help.
· Put on a mask and ask the sick person to put on a mask before entering the room.
· Wear gloves when you touch or have contact with the sick person’s blood, stool, or body fluids, such as saliva, mucus, vomit, and urine. Throw out gloves into a lined trash can and wash your hands right away.
Clean your hands often
· Wash hands: Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Tell everyone in the home to do the same, especially after being near the person who is sick.
· Hand sanitizer: If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
· Hands off: Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
· Stay separated: The person who is sick should eat (or be fed) in their room if possible.
· Wash dishes and utensils using disposable gloves and hot water: Handle any used dishes, cups/glasses, or silverware with gloves. Wash them with soap and hot water or in a dishwasher. · Clean hands after taking off gloves or handling used items.
Clean and then disinfect
· Clean and disinfect “high-touch” surfaces and items every day: This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, handles, desks, toilets, faucets, sinks, and electronics.
· Clean the area or item with soap and water if it is dirty. Then, use a household disinfectant.
- Be sure to follow the instructions on the label to ensure safe and effective use of the product. o Most household disinfectants should be effective. See a list of EPA-registered disinfectants.
- To clean electronics, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection.
Bedroom and bathroom
Keep separate bedroom and bathroom for a person who is sick (if possible).
· The person who is sick should stay separated from other people in the home (as much as possible).
· If you have a separate bedroom and bathroom: Wear disposable gloves and only clean the area around the person who is sick when needed, such as when the area is soiled, or have them do it, if possible.
· If shared bathroom: The person who is sick should clean and disinfect after each use. If this is not possible, the caregiver should wait as long as possible before cleaning and disinfecting.
· Use the exhaust fan each time the caregiver or sick family member uses the bathroom whether shared or not.
· Dedicated, lined trash can: If possible, dedicate a lined trash can for the person who is sick. Use disposable gloves when removing garbage bags, and handling and disposing of trash. Wash hands immediately afterwards.
For clothing, towels, linens and other items.
· Launder items according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Use the warmest appropriate water setting and dry items completely.
· Wear disposable gloves when handling dirty laundry from a person who is sick.
· Dirty laundry from a person who is sick can be washed with other people’s items.
· Do not shake dirty laundry.
· Clean and disinfect clothes hampers according to guidance above for surfaces.
· Remove gloves, and wash hands right away.
*Remember that if you do not have disposable gloves, thoroughly wash your hands after each task listed above.
*Anyone caring for someone with Covid-19 who cannot be isolated within the house, will be considered a close contact of that family member and have an extended quarantine. SCENARIO: A family member tests positive on 11/1/20, their isolation is until 11/11/20. The Caregiver quarantine starts 11/12/20 and goes until 11/26/20. They can leave the house on 11/27/20 as long as no symptoms of Covid are present. There is no need to test while in quarantine unless someone develops symptoms. If someone wants to test for peace of mind, the best time to test is on day 10-14 of the quarantine time period if they have no symptoms. If anyone develops symptoms of Covid, they should test as soon as possible and quarantine at home, away from others, until results are known. Information, unless asterisked, is taken from the CDC